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Firearm & Gun Terms with International Translations

English German French

Italian

Spanish
Action; breech; bolt; etc Verschluss, Schlitten certissage, culasse, fermeture

Azione

Accion, cerrojo
Action; locking mechanism Verriegelung, Schlossmechanismus  verrou, verrouillage

Meccanismo di blocco

Mecanismo de bloqueo
Barrel Lauf canon

Canna

Cañón
Barrel bushing Laufhaltebuchse Buchon de guide

 

Buje o manguito del cañón
Barrel length Lauflänge longuer de  canon (??)

Lunghezza della canna

Largo del cañón
Barrel lugs Laufwarzen  

 

Muñones del cañón
Bipod Zweibein Bipied

Bipode

Bípode
Blank firing adapter   Accessorie de tire à blanc    
Blowback action Feder-Masseverschluss Méchanism par refoulment des gaz

 

Acción por retroceso simple
Bullet (projectile) Geschoss (Projektil) balle, projectile

Proiettile

Bala, proyectil
Bullet, jacketed Mantelgeschoss balle chemise

Proiettile camiciato

Bala encamisada
English German French

Italian

Spanish

Bullet, FMJ

Vollmantelgeschoss

balle blindée

Proiettile blindato

Bala totalamente encamisada
Bullet, hollow point Hohlspitzgeschoss balle pointe creuse

Proiettile a punta cava

Bala de punta hueca

Bullet, pointed 

Spitzgeschoss

balle pointur

Proiettile appuntito

Bala de punta ahusada
Bullet, round nose Rundkopfgeschoss balle ronde

Proietiile a punta tonda

Bala de punta redonda
Bullet, wad-cutter Wad-cutter-geschoss balle wad-cutter

 

Bala de canto vivo 
Bullet-resistant vest kugelsichere Weste Veste Anti-balle

 

Chaleco antibalas
Cartridge Patrone cartouche

Cartuccia

Cartucho
Cartridge case Patronenhülse douille/manchon

Bossolo

Vaina, casquillo
Checkering Fischhaut quadrillage

Zigrinatura

Cuadrillado, picado, segrinado
Cock (to cock) Spannen armer

Armare

Armar, montar, amartillar
English German French

Italian

Spanish
Cocking lever Spannhebel levier d'armement

Leva d’armamento

Leva montadora
Cocking piece Spannstück masselot

 

Pieza montadora
Crane (swing-out revolver cylinder) Kran  

 

Braza del cilindro
Cylinder (revolver) Walze, Trommel barilett

Tamburo

Cylindro

Decock (lower the hammer safely without firing)

entspannen

reposér

Disarmare il cane

Desamartillar, desmontar

Decocking lever

Entspannhebel

Levier de désarement

Leva di disarmamento

Leva para desamartillar
Disconnector Unterbrecher Gâchette intermédiare

Disconnettore

desconector

Eject, Ejector

ausstoßen, Ejektor/Auswerfer

éjecteur

Estrattore

Eyectar, eyector
English German French

Italian

Spanish

Ejection (of fired cartridge case)

auswerfen

Éjection

Estrarre

Eyeccion
Ejection port Auswerffenster lenelre d' éjection

Porta di estrazione

ventana de expulsion

Extract, Extractor

ausziehen, Auszieher

éxtracteur

Estrarre, Estrattore

Extraer, extractor

Eye relief (space between the eye and the ocular lens of a telescope)

Okularabstand

Dégagement oculaire

 

Distanca ocular

Feeding (of cartridges from magazine to chamber)

Zuführung

Alimentation

Alimentare

Alimentación

Firing pin

Schlagbolzen

percuteur

Percussore

Aguja percutora

Firing pin, as part of hammer

Schlagnase

percuteur

 

Aguja a
English German French

Italian

Spanish
Firing pin (striker) Schlagstück marteau

 

Percutor
Firing pin spring Schlagstückfeder ressort de percuteur

Molla del Percussore

Resorte del percutor

Flare gun; flare pistol

Leuchtpistole

Pistolet Signalization

Lanciarazzi

Pistola de bengalas

Flash hider

Mündungsfeuerdämpfer

Cache flamme

Spegnifiamma

Apagallamas

Frame (of a pistol)

Rahmen

Carcasse

 

Armazón

Front sight

Korn

Guidon

Mira anteriore

Punto de mira
Fully automatic firearm automatische Waffe automatique

Automatica

Arma de fuego automatico
Gas operated action   Méchanism par emprunt des gaz    

Grip panels

Griffschalen

Plaques moletées de poignée

Guancette

Paneles de empuñadura
English German French

Italian

Spanish
Hammer Hammer marteler

Cane

Martillo

Hammer spur

Hammersporn

 

Cresta del cane

Espiga del martillo

Lever action

Unterhebelrepetierer

 

Azione a leva

Mecanismo de palanca

Loading gate

Ladeklappe

 

Porta di caricamento

Venrana de recarga

Locking

Verriegelung

Verrouillage

Blocco

Bloqueo
Machine gun Maschinengewehr milrailleuse

Mitragliatrice

ametralladora
Machine pistol (SMG) Maschinenpistole milraillette

Pistola mitragliatrice

Pistola ametralladora, subfusil
Magazine Magazin chargeur, magasin

Caricatore

Caragador

Magazine (drum)

Trommelmagazin

 

Caricatore a tamburo

Cargador (de tambor)
English German French

Italian

Spanish
Magazine follower Zubringer Plateau de chargeur

 

Elavador, Teja elevadora
Magazine release (button) Magazinlöseknopf Loquet de chargeur

Pulsante di sgancio caricatore

Pestillo (Boton) de retenida del caragador

Magazine spring

Magazinfeder

resort du chargeur

Molla del caricatore

Resorte elevador del cargador

Magazine safety, which prevents firing if the magazine is not in place

Magazinsicherung

Sécurite de chargeur

Sicura al caricatore

Seguro de cargador

Mainspring

Schlagfeder

maitre-ressort

Molla di recupero

Muelle (resorte) real o principal
English German French

Italian

Spanish

Muzzle

Mündung

bouche

Volata

Boca de cañón

Muzzle brake

Mündungsbremse

Frein de bouche

Freno a bocca

Freno de boca

Night sighting system / apparatus / assembly

Nachtsichtgerät

 

Mire notturne

Miras nocturnas

Pepperbox

Bündelrevolver

 

 

Pistola "pimentaro"

Pivoting breechblock lock

Schwenkriegelverschluss

 

 

Bloqueo de recámara pivotante
Powder (propellant) Pulver poudre

Polvere da sparo

Pólvora (propelente)
Powder scale Pulverwaage balance (à) poudre

Bilancia per polvere

Balanza
Primer Zündhütchen amorce en enclume, armorce

Innesco

Fulminante
Primer pocket (of the cartridge case) Zündglocke L'alvéole à amorce

Tasca dell’innesco

Asiento del fulminante
English German French

Italian

Spanish

Rear sight (notch)

Kimme

hause gran de mire

 

Mira trasera (muesca), Alza
Rear sight  (leaf) Kimmenblalt feuillet

Mira posteriore a foglia

Mira trasera (tablilla)
Receiver Gehäuse Carcasse

Ricevitore

Cajon de mecanismos
Recoil operated firearm Rückstosslader automatique par recul

Arma semiautomatica

Arma operada por retroceso

Recoil spring

Schliessfeder

Ressort de recul

Molla di recupero

Muelle de retroceso

Recoil; kick

Rückstoß

 

Rinculo

Retroceso, patada
Revolver Revolver revolver

Pistola a rotazione

Revolver

Rib

Laufschiene

 

 

Cinta, nervadura

Rifle

Büchse, Gewehr

arme

Fucile

Rifle, fusil

Rifle  (carbine)

Karabiner

carabine, rousqueton

Carabina

Carabina
English German French

Italian

Spanish

Rifle sights on a shotgun

Büchsenvisier

hausse de arme

 

Miras de rifle

Rotating barrel action (Gatling)

Drehlaufverschluss

 

Azione a canna rotante

Sistema con cañones múltiples giratorios

Safety

Sicherung

Sûreté méchanique

Sicura

Seguro
Sear Spannstück Gâchette

 

Fiador

Semiautomatic

Halbautomat

Semi-automatique

Semiautomatica

Semiautomatico
Shot Schrot plomb

Colpo

Perdigones, municion
Shot (buck) Postenschrot chévronlie

Pallettoni

Perdigones, gruesos

Shotgun

Schrotflinte

fusil de chasse

Fucile a canna liscia

Escopeta
Sights Visierung hausse

Mire

Punta de mira
Sight (front) Vorder Visierung Hausse

Mira anteriore

Punto

Sights, fixed

Starre Visierung

Hausse fixe

Mire fisse

Miras
English German French

Italian

Spanish
Sights, adjustable Verstellbare Visierung détente hausse

Mire regolabili

Miras fijas

Sight radius

Visierlinienlänge

Longuer de mire

Distanza tra lemire

Radio de miras

Sight--Red Dot  (eg, Aim-Point)

Leuchtpunktvisier

 

Mira a punto rosso

Mira de punto rojo

Slide (of semiautomatic pistol)

Schlitten

Glissière

Carrello

Culata

Slide action

Vorderschaftrepetierer

 

 

Accion de corredera o trombóm

Slide stop lever

Schlittenfanghebel

Levier de blocage de glissiére

Leva di apertura

Retenida de corredera

Sniper rifle

Scharfschützengewehr

Fusil de Précision

Fucile da cecchino

Rifle de francotirador
English German French

Italian

Spanish

Spare magazine

Reservemagazin

Chargeur de rechange

Magazzino di riserva

cargador de reserva

Suppressor; "'silencer"

Schalldämpfer

Silencieux

Silenziatore

Supresor, silenciador

Swing-out cylinder (of revolver)

ausschwenkbare Trommel

 

Tamburo

Cilindro pivotante

Target revolver

Scheibenrevolver

Pistolet de tire sûr cible

Pistola a rotazione da tiro

Revolver para tiro de precision

Telescope sight

Zielfernrohr

lunelle de visée

Cannocchiale

Mira telescópica
Telescope mount Zielfernrohrmontage montage (pour) lunelle

Supporto del cannocchiale

Montante de mira

Tilt-up barrel; top-break action

Kipplauf

 

 

Cañón abatible, accion de bloqueo abatible
English German French

Italian

Spanish

Transfer bar

Übertragungsstange

 

Barra di traferimento

Bara de transferencia

Trigger

Abzug

départe

Grilletto

Gatillo

Trigger guard

Abzugbügel

pontel

Guardia del grilletto

Guardamonte

Trigger weight

Abzugsgewicht

poids de départe

Peso di sgancio

Peso del gatillo

Unlocking

Entriegelung

Déverrouillage

Sblocco, sbloccare

Desbloqueo

 

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